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We are Khmer devout Buddhists have clearly seen that Khmer Buddhism which is the main national institution has been seriously in danger by the politicians and few greedy top Buddhist leaders.

From the past, many hero Khmer Buddhist monks had never ignored to engage with the communities and the Khmer victims. It is the principle of Buddha's teachings to encourage those hero monks to engage with the social activities and help the communities. Acha Sva, Acha Po Kombo and Acha Hiem Chiev were well-known for their struggle for the maintaining of Khmer Buddhism, Khmer culture, Khmer language and Khmer sovereign independence during the French colony. Somdech Chuon Nath, Somdech Huot Tat, Preah Krou Pang Khat, Preah Krou Kiev Chum etc. were well-known for their campaign for the engagement of Buddhist monks with society, communities, culture, national identity and the poor, the weak and the victims.

Firmly, their leadership was to free Buddhist Sangha from the interfering and politicizing of the state leaders in which their power interference within the Buddhist Sangha would distort the pure teachings of Lord Buddha. 

During this recent political upheavals, Khmer Buddhism was totally renegaded by the Khmer Rouge revolutionists and no place for Buddhists to publicly express their faith and rituals during that period. During the Khmer Republic of Khmer revolutionists backed by hundred thousands troops of Vietnamese arm forces, Khmer Buddhism was opened for the public to express but at the very narrow limited space. Only men whose ages are 50 years old up allowed to be ordained and the temples were only played their roles for the Khmer Republic of Vietnamese-Khmers propaganda. After the Paris Peace Agreement in 23 October 1991, Khmer Buddhism fully opened for the public to practice their faith and rituals though at the struggling pace for pure practice in accordance to the Buddha's teachings.

During this re-enactment of Buddhism, many Engaged Buddhist Monks mushroomed and made step-by-step changes for the great reputation of Buddhism. Among those engaged Buddhist monks is Somdech Preah Maha Ghosananda who initiated Dhammayietra or Dhamma March. Dhamma March was very successful and every where the March arrived, the people applauded, welcome and bred hopes in their daily lives. However, when this March has gradually become well-known among grassroots people, the authority started to eye on in which the March defected eventually.

In 2010, Preah Krou Luon Sovath faced with his own eyes the torment  and unjustly treatment of local authority towards his siblings, relatives and neighbors. As he is a rural Kaun Khmer (Khmer son) who sees this violence is not acceptable, he gave up his wealthy living in capital city of Phnom Penh as well as his study in order to spend time stay with those victims and preached them the non-violence struggle for the rights of living, the rights of speech and the rights of having farm lands to sustain subsistence living.

Those victims were not solely brutalized by the gun men but they were also put in Siem Reap provincial jail.

Since then, although those victims were released from jail one year later because of his non-violence engagement and struggle, the ramifications of subsistence living are under critical conditions. One year term in jail made their children and families viciously suffered and their farm lands have not completely been returned back.

Seeing the social injustice like this, Preah Krou Luon Sovath with his knowledge on the principle of Buddha's teachings in engaging with the victims, the poor and the desperate, he has devoted his life to serve those causes without fear, and expecting any rewards. Several times, local authority and few top leaders of Buddhist Sangha frightened him to arrest, to defrock or to pressure on him by expelling him out from the pagoda, but his original determination to campaign for non-violence struggle for the basic rights of living of sentient has never changed.

His trail on the non-violence campaign for the basic rights of human being livelihood has long way to go and need commitment, determination and engagement from every one.

With Metta and Progress in the Dhamma,

Biography of Achar Hem Chiev, a National Hero - ព្រះបាឡាត់ឃោសនាគ ហែមចៀវ វីរបុរសជាតិ

ឆ្នាំងបាយលោកសង្ឃ គឺនៅនឹងប្រជាជន បើប្រជាជនវេទនា អត់បាយ ប្រជាជនគ្មានសិទ្ធិសេរីភាព បើប្រជាជននៅក្នុងឋានៈ ជាខ្ញុំកញ្ជះគេ លោកសង្ឃក៏ទទួល អំណោយផលអាក្រក់ដែរ។ ដូច្នេះ លោកសង្ឃមានភារៈ ប្រោសសត្វលោក គឺត្រូវស្តីប្រដៅ ធ្វើឲ្យមនុស្សមានស៊ី មានស្លៀក មានសេរីភាព ក្នុងប្រទេសឯករាជ្យ និងសន្តិភាព ដ៏បរិបូណ៌។

ទឹកភ្នែកប្រជារាស្ត្រ គឺទឹកភ្នែកព្រះសង្ឃ

- ទឹកចិត្ត ព្រះអាចារ្យ ហែមចៀវ -
The monks’ rice pot remains with the people, if the people are miserable, have nothing to eat, if they have no freedom, if they live as slave, monks will also feel the hardship pinch. Therefore, monks whose duty is to save the humans, must teach and encourage people to find food to eat, to find clothes to wear, to find freedom for their country, to find independence and total peace.

Tears of the people are those of monks.

- View by Preah Achar Hem Chiev -

Biography of Achar Hem Chiev

 Posted originally by M. P.

Hem Chiev was born in 1898 to a modest farmer family in Oudong. At the age of 12, his father took him to study at Wat Ounalom under the guidance of Monk Chuon Nath who is one of his father’s friends. Young Hem Chiev studied well while serving monk Chuon Nath until the age of 16. Under his parents request, the young Hem Chiev decided to take the vow and became a monk at Wat Ounalom where he further expanded his knowledge of Buddhism under the guidance of monk Chuon Nath still.

At the age of 20, monk Hem Chiev was ordained as Bikkhu at Watt Langka. He then went on to pass the exam to enter the Buddhist Institute in Phnom Penh.

According to Martin Stuart-Fox (2006), “[t]he Buddhist Institute did encourage Buddhist studies, but it also stimulated wider studies into culture and history, folklore and language, which rekindled cultural pride that fed into the rising tide of nationalism. The failure of France to protect either Laos or Cambodia from losing territory to Thailand in 1940-41 had a similar effect. Monks took the lead in opposing clumsy French attempts to introduce romanised forms of Cambodian and Lao scripts. In Cambodia, the monk Hem Chieu, a leader in this opposition movement …”

Achar Hem Chiev encouraged his students to study hard to liberate themselves from the yoke of the French colonial rule. He also started the movement to preach Buddhism in Khmer rather than in Pali.

As a member of the French opposition, Achar Hem Chiev kep contact with other Khmer nationalists at the time, among them: Pach Chhoeun, Son Ngoc Thanh, Chum Moung, Nuon Duong, and Sim Var. They all worked to find ways to free Cambodia from the French rule.

Meanwhile, Achar Hem Chiev kept on his Buddhist preaching, among the most notable principles he preached are:
  • Do not be a man of burden to the world (i.e. be useful in life).
  • We must bring well-being to the present first because if we now have well-being, there will be well-being in the future as well.
  • You must work, do not wait for fate.
  • You can cross hardship only if you are determined.
  • You can only depend on yourself (i.e. self-reliance).
  • You must not frequent bad friends, you should not frequent friends with low life, you should frequent good friends, you should frequent people with high ideals.
  • Unintelligent people will bring you actions that should not be brought up, they always bring you chores that are not of concern, they are people who are difficult to teach and bring back to the right path, when they are told about good behaviors, they become angry, they do not know about rules, if you do not meet them, or see them, it is best that way.
  • You should not depend on someone else to feed you in life.
At a preaching session where he spoke about independence, one man told him: “We want independence from France also, but we don’t know what to do.” Monk Hem Chiev told him back: “It is easy, as Lord Buddha told us: ‘The union will bring well-being in everything’”.

On July 17, 1942, under the instigation of French spies, Achar Hem Chiev was arrested and unceremoniously defrocked. He was then thrown in jail by the French colonial regime working under the occupation of Japan.

On July 20, 1942, a demonstration asking for the release of Achar Hem Chiev was organized by Pach Chhoeun. He was joined by about 1,000 demonstrators including several monks. In the melee which ensued, Pach Chhoeun was pushed inside the perimeter of the French Resident compound. French agents took this opportunity to close the door behind Pach Chhoeun and arrested him on the spot. Seeing this arrest, the monks started to fight against French police agents and their Vietnamese agents using their umbrellas. Meanwhile, the civilians who were present at the demonstration started to throw rocks against the French. The demonstration idea originated from Son Ngoc Thanh who wanted to show the Japanese (who then occupied Cambodia) the displeasure of Cambodian people against the arrest of Achar Hem Chiev by the French agents of the fascist Vichy regime, he would then ask the Japanese troops for intervention and obtain the release of Achar Hem Chiev. However, the fight and the arrest of Pach Chhoeun changed all Son Ngoc Thanh’s plan. Following the demonstration, several important Cambodian nationalists were arrested by the French after the demonstration.

Accused of sedition (KI-Media Note: Villagers in Kratie who resisted forced evictions are currently charged of secession), Achar Hem Chiev and several other Khmer nationalists were sentenced to life in prison by the French colonial court, and sent to jail in Poulo Condor (Con Son Island) also known in Khmer as Koh Trolach jail. It was there that Achar Hem Chiev died. Rumors had it also that the French forced Achar Hem Chiev to sleep in lime which seriously affected his health (one of my uncle who then belonged to the nationalist movement told me about this rumor).

Before passing away, Achar Hem Chiev said: The construction of the nation by one individual will never be successful. We must unite altogether, in great number, and we must keep on pursuing it! You must all continue the struggle for me. I cannot carry the country by myself… The country belongs to us all… I am not afraid of death but the only thing I regret, is not being able to see our Cambodia becoming independent. May you live in peace … If our country finds peace again, we must organize a republic, do not forget! I am leaving you…”

On July 4, 1972, the Khmer Republic regime repatriated the remains of Achar Hem Chiev from Poulo Condor back to Cambodia where he received his final proper religious rite. His remain was then kept at Wat Ounalom.


Preah Pothiveang So Hay, prepared by Kong Samphea. “Preah Balat Khosaneak Hem Chiev, a National Hero.” Historical document in Khmer. (see below in Khmer)


The following PDF edition of the biography of Ven. Hem Chiev was made available by Lok Ly Diep of Angkor Borei News.

“Buddhism and politics in Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand” by Martin Stuart-Fox (2006)

គុកនយោបាយ ដោយ ប៊ុណ្ណចន្ទ ម៉ុល - Political Prisoner by Bun Chan Mol

Dear Readers,

Please find below a copy of Lok Bun Chanmol's book "គុកនយោបាយ - Political Prisoner" which provides an account of his life during Cambodia's struggle for independence from France. In this memoir, Lok Bun Chanmol also provided a glimpse at the Poulo Condor (គុក កោះត្រឡាច) jail set up by colonial France to imprison those who demand for independence in French Indochina. Another famous prisoner in this jail is Ven. Hem Chiev, a Cambodian monk who was defrocked by the French for leading peaceful protest against French occupation. Ven. Hem Chiev died of forced labor at the Poulo Condor jail and his remain was only brought back to Phnom Penh in the 70s.

The situation in Cambodia during that period is very reminiscent of today's Cambodia where only one monk, Ven. Loun Sovath, dares to stand with those who were unfairly evicted from their homes. Furthermore, those who dare protest against the current CPP regime are summarily sent to jail in a tribunal charade. Almost 60 years after achieving independence, Cambodia is returning back to a tyrannical regime just like our ancestors suffered under the French colonial regime. This time around, the tyrants are the CPP and their leaders.

Enjoy, read, learn and remember!

KI-Media team
The Poulo Condor jail: